Drug Abuse And The Nigeria Youth

Going by the historic formation of Nigeria political system in past and present policy frameworks, the government has deliberately refused giving the needed attention to youth affairs until recently when a directorate of youth affairs and social mobilization in Edo State was created, as part of incumbent agenda to attend to the necessary evils related to Youth Violence in the state. Due to the political antecedent, the problem of drugs and alcohols usage has endangered the youth, thereby giving a statistical draw-back towards the needed atmosphere for sustainable policy implementation.

Understanding what drugs is fundamental to their potential abuses, and it is also a move to create a record how drugs can led to increase in high level of crime and violence in the Niger Delta religion, and all other religious and sectarian prone zones in Nigeria.

Psychologically speaking, psychoactive substance is something that people take to change the way they feel, think or behave. Furthermore, some of these substances are called drugs, and others, like alcohols and tobacco are considered dangerous but are not called drugs. The term drugs also cover a number of substances, which must be used under medical supervision to treat illnesses.

The commissioner for the Ministry of Health in the past made several errors in their policy implementation, without considering the psychosocial and economic dilemmas to the state. Incidentally, in the past administration, more than 28.05% of the state budget went into the fight against crime, while 12% would have been used to avert the crime before it occurrence through sensitization workshops and publicity. Ironically, the same percentage at present can be channeled into a directorate empowered with the responsibility to orientate and educate the youths on the dangers of drugs abuse, in order to avert future recurrent issues relating to violence which has plagued the states and her youth force.

Consequently, with the right resources and manpower, the Oshiomole Administration through its creation of the Directorate of Youth Affairs and Social Mobilization (DYASM). This is a sign of the administration’s readiness to combat crime, and put the youths in the forefront of government policy implementation. One of the major areas in the framework of the new directorate is to study and conduct research on youth violence and other issues of Drug abuse.

For our purpose therefore, let me intimate us all of the State Government’s commitment to give hope to the youth of the state; and inculcate in them the spirit of peace, and the expression of their political franchise. Although with the power vested on the DYASM; the government can be rest assured that violence, especially cult related ones will be reduced to its bearest minimum.

The Directorate must be given its full mandate according to the law to exercise its judicial functions. And based on the clause of the law which brought the Directorate into being, it was created to secure serene governance through its enlightenment campaign, using the media houses at all levels. This will only but spice up numerous strategies for mobilization and orientation for youths.

A particular issue is of gray importance, and this is concerned with drug abuses, which has affected the youth, giving rise to unprecedented death toll of more than 13.2% for the last 9years of our nation’s democratic process. For our convenience let us treat drug abuse as those man-made or naturally occurring substances used without medical supervision basically to change the way a person feels, thinks or behaves so that they can enjoy the good things of life. In the past, most drugs were made from plants; that is, plants were grown and then converted into drugs such coca paste, opium and marijuana.

Over the years, the crude products were further processed to yield drugs like cocaine and heroin. And finally, in the 20th century people found out how to make drugs from chemicals. These are called man-made, or synthetic, drugs and include speed, ecstasy, LSD, etc. These were initially manufactured, largely for experimental reasons and only later were they used for recreational purposes. Now, however, with the increased size and scope of the drug trade, people set out to invent drugs especially for recreational human consumption.

This same recreational tendencies has blended into the genetic nature of human life and activities, it agreed with some theories, while to some it was hugely unstable causing series of side effects such as hallucination and psychotic episodes; ranging from neurosis to schizophrenia. It is in these episodes of varying propensity and intensity that the motivation to commit crime is centered, due to unprecedented offshoots of unconscious paranoia and anger synthesis; hence violence and motivated crimes were sometimes perpetuated and mastermind in a euphoric unconsciousness by the youth force.

Designed drug-cocktails appeared and disappeared with astonishing regularity, tentatively, for the first time in human history a whole industrial complex created and produced drugs that were meant to be used outside and in defiance of social conventions for the sole purpose of personal enjoyment. There are a whole lot of issues wrong with drug abuse. Although substance abuse has many negative physiological health effects, ranging from minor issues like digestion problems or respiratory infections, to potentially fatal diseases, like AIDS and hepatitis (American Psychological Association (APA) 2006, P.15) are eminent. Of course, the attendant effects depended on the drug and on the amount, method and frequency of use.

In retrospect, some drugs are very addictive, like heroin, while others are less so. But the up-shop is that regular drug abuse or sustained exposure to a drug-even for a short period of time-can cause physiological dependence, which means that when the person stop taking drugs, he/she experiences physical withdrawal symptoms and a craving for the drug. Medically, drug abuse also causes brain damage. Again depending on the drug, the strength and character of this damage varies. But one thing is clear; drug abuse affects the way the brain function, and alters its responses to the world.

Some things that acts on one’s brain and the general consciousness of any individual is called psychoactive, this explains how drugs affects individual behavior, actions, feelings and motivations are known to be unpredictable. By meddling in the natural ways the brain functions, abusers exposes themselves to risks they are not aware of. Finally; drug abuse damages the ability of people to act as free and conscious beings, capable of taking the right action and decision. Hence crime and violence becomes inevitable. Drug abusers are unable to fulfill their basic needs, while so many frustrated abusers resort to crime and violence as a means to quell their hyperactivity.

In the ideal sense of the word, in the past, drugs were not as strong and potent as they are now; even the so-called ‘Natural’ or soft drugs like marijuana or ‘skunk’ are many times more powerful than they were in the 1980’s. Therefore the agencies with the blueprint that know what the youths are going through in Edo state is DYASM. Frankly they are thousands of youths who are suffering from drug related cases, and by proxy they need help from Government policies circumventing around youth sustainable developments. The prior function of the youth affairs and social mobilization is to sensitize the youths on numerous opportunities available to them.

INVENTING THE SYNERGY FOR PREVENTION

The YASM need to take action to help the youths in the state, through its sustainable initiative model in tackling issues that are scheduled to support their sustenance. The function of YASM is to identify those youths that working hard to make the state habitable, and reward them; while formulating policies through government assistance in bringing youths in the hinterland so that their voice would be heard, and assisted in whatever initiative brought by them to the government. And also orientate them on the ills of violence, drug abuse and other social vices. The directorate should encourage youth parliament within the state to participate in mass media to discus those projects that directly affects them. Through the directorate I am quite sure the state government will formulate policies that will empower the youths, granting them permission to created a report by making themselves useful, and in compliance and in agreement with government existing policies, and such reports should be the bases for further government policy forecast.

Dr. Carl-Collins Ogunshola Oshodi

PhD, Conflict Management

PhD, Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution

Msc. Clinical Psychology

Msc. Military Science

MA. Philosophy

Bsc. Applied Psychology

What Does Abuse Rehab Usually Do?

Abuse rehab terms the addiction towards any bad habit as it is spreading in a worldwide very repeatedly. Addiction may be anything like alcohol, smoking, drugs, pornography, snacks or it might be sweets too. This first comes with the intake of drugs in the belief of getting relief as it makes a person hollow from inside. Many times addicted persons are misunderstood and mistreated. This may results in pretending powerful thoughts of being bad to society which makes matter worst. But relief from this addiction is possible through these steps –

• Intake

• Detox

• Rehab

• Recovery

1. Intake

It is the process when a person feels alone or get frustrated and think of getting relief by doing such addiction. Initially a person might take it as a fun or taste for first time, but gradually it results in addiction later. Intake of this addiction transmits the human brain to have relief from the outer depression. This works on the policy of use and through, where it also harms the human body.

2. Detox

Detoxification is the first step towards sentencing abuse after stop taking intake. This is the process which makes your doped body to a pure without leaving any intake residue. Many times Doctors or therapist are also required for this purpose that can help in managing its withdrawal. Detox process also depends on

• The present metabolism of body

• The addiction done up to which extent

• And how many other addictions involved to that particular person

This detoxification is generally to the drugs, alcohols and smoking or else which shows some typical symptoms after its withdrawal, these are extreme depression, inability to sleep, muscle pain, stroke and sometimes heart attack also.

3. Rehab

Ones the Detox initiate then rehabilitation continues where the core reasons are addressed to those issues. This treatment includes Individual, Group and Family therapy which provides better companion. The therapy session discuss on the pain caused by their loved ones which forced them to addict. Many products are also available in the market which guarantees abuse rehab, but those are just advertising to elongate their business.

4. Recovery

For any individual recovery may be a lifelong process, requiring their attention and concentration towards work. Person sentencing abuse can now freely make fair decisions and friendly accepted to the society. According to many patients may also results to scheduled addiction depending to their sobriety or have regular therapy session. To an addicted person recovery could provide them a new born.

9 Reasons Why People Abuse Drugs and Alcohol

1. People suffering from anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression or other mental illnesses use drugs and alcohol to ease their suffering.

Mental illness is such a burden for some people they will try just about anything to relieve the pain. Drugs or alcohol can temporarily make that person feel ‘normal’ again, like they remember feeling in the past. Mental illness is scary for the individual experiencing it, so they are afraid to go to a doctor or family member for help and instead turn to drugs or alcohol to try and solve the problem on their own.

2. People see family members, friends, role models or entertainers using drugs and rationalize that they can too.

As teenagers and young adults, it’s very easy to think that drug and alcohol use can be handled and controlled, especially if they see others they know doing the same thing. It can become easy to rationalize like: ‘hey my friend’s been doing this for a couple years and he seems fine to me.’ Entertainment and music is full of drug references and that can add to the rationalization that drug use is OK sometimes. Individuals with a family history of drug or alcohol abuse are far more likely to develop an addiction than an individual with no family background of addiction.

3. People become bored and think drugs will help.

Boredom is a big factor in drug abuse in teens and young adults. People in this age bracket generally don’t have bills, jobs and all the stresses that go along with adulthood. So it’s easier to become bored and want to try something new and exciting. Drug use is often thought of as a way to escape the mundane world and enter an altered reality.

4. People think drugs will help relieve stress.

Our modern world is full of new strains and stresses that humans have never experienced in the past. Although many things in life are now easier than ever, the burdens are also very high. Simply having a family, maintaining a household, and holding a job are huge stress factors. Some drugs are viewed as a means of relaxation – a way to calm the storm in your mind. Although drugs can be very effective at doing that, there can be serious side effects.

5. People figure if a drug is prescribed by a doctor, it must be ok.

It is easy for an individual to rationalize using a drug because it came from a doctor. The thinking goes like this ‘it was prescribed to someone I know for the same problem I am having, so it makes sense it should work for me too.’ The dangerous part about this rationalization is that this can lead to mixing of drugs, overdose, unintended side effects and/or dependency.

6. People get physically injured and unintentionally get hooked on prescribed drugs.

The people at risk for this are physical laborers, elderly, and anyone with pre-existing injuries. Some people are born with chronic pain due to deformities – others get injured. Doctors then prescribe drugs for what they are intended for and a person can quickly build a dependency. Especially if that drug is making them feel all better, they rationalize that it must be OK to keep taking the drug, which can result in dependency.

7. People use drugs to cover painful memories in their past.

Many people go through extremely traumatic events in their life, many times as children, and turn to drugs to cover the horrible memories. Children are extremely susceptible to trauma, whether physically or emotionally, and those feelings can haunt them into their adulthood. These people could benefit from working with psychologists to help repair their damaged mind. Drugs usually only deepen the issue.

8. People think drugs will help them fit in.

When hanging out with friends, it’s easy for people to want to fit in and seem like one of the crew. If others are drinking or doing drugs, it’s very likely for someone to fall into that trap. Peer pressure can be a tremendous force causing someone to try things they would normally not try on their own.

9. People chase the high they once experienced.

Ask anyone who has tried drugs and they will tell you that it is one of the best feelings of their life. The highs from drugs are so much more extreme than regular everyday joys because most drugs overload the pleasure sensors in your brain. Once a person feels this extreme pleasure, it’s common for that person to become hooked on a drug simply chasing the initial high they once felt. As we all know, this is a vicious cycle that is extremely difficult to break. The highs are equally as powerful as the lows felt when coming off of the drugs.

What is a Pharm Party? Pharmaceutical Drug Abuse

A time tested drug culture is on the rise among teens that may further influence their younger siblings and it’s called Pharming (farming) which is slang for pharmaceutical. This is the leading path which walks kids down the road to Pharmaceutical Drub Abuse. Teens are gathering in both big and small numbers for Pharm Parties, which could be happening in your own home. If you think this couldn’t happen think again. It’s true, it’s rising in popularity among teens and you need to be in the know to keep your teen’s safe avoiding substance abuse and addiction.

Considering the difficulty adults have admitting it could touch their family is dangerous because it sets the stage for an innocent teen to think just this one time won’t hurt. Well it can and the peer pressure is great. Any unprepared kid lacking prescription drug facts is prone to think it’s harmless. Prevention can keep you from later seeking intervention and treatment. Protecting you and your child with the power of knowledge will eliminate future rehab, detox and recovery from drug abuse by taking a good honest look at this troubling reality on the rise.

SWAP PARTIES

Teens spontaneously commonly gather whenever a place comes available, this is not rare. While you may have hung out with friends at an arcade after school, your kids may be pharming. There are numerous latch key kids who have regular access to parentless homes while still at work. They gather there experimenting with prescription drugs. Where do they get them you may wonder, everywhere that’s where? It’s the hunt for drugs that is part of the fun challenge a sport if you will. Discarded or forgotten prescription drugs are found in the houses of family, friends and your own home. Teens pocket handfuls of prescription drugs left in medicine cabinets, bathrooms, old purses, suit cases, carry on luggage and on it goes as these kids get better at the hunt, the game!

WHAT DRUGS

OxyContin is a popular drug that kids compare to heroin. The drug is crushed and then injected, snorted and often blended with marijuana as the drug stakes continue to rise. Oh and yes, Ritalin is commonly used and compared to speed in people who do not medically require the drug. It is more commonly referred as skippy and most often taken orally. Teens are expected to score more drugs as the swapping of drugs done at pharming parties creates a debt between them and the other kids who provide them with drugs. A bond is formed and a cult like band of drug addicts takes hold and develops.

DRUGS

These drugs are easily available the demand to find them is too great and bigger than you know, kids get creative. They do so with a great ease as few parents imagine this could be happening to their otherwise bright and gifted child.

– Keep all prescription drugs under lock and key.

– Keep track by marking on the bottle what’s left after each dose.

– Open a dialogue anytime a teaching moment presents itself.

– Don’t be harsh, just matter of fact.

– Point out commercials and the adverse side affects.

– Mention you’ve heard about pharming.

– Explain the damage from popping pills.

– Let your child know they are valuable and have a bright future.

If your kid shows special interest in prescription drugs consider it a red flag. It may mean a friend has talked to your child about trying it. This child may be abusing these drugs. Give you kid the facts and do so casually, without alarm or lecture, kids tune lectures out. Remember the teachable moments. Pharming and Prescription Drug Abuse awareness teamed with knowledge empowers you and your teens to be drug free.