Elements of Effective Addiction Treatment

Addiction is a complex, but treatable disease. Abusing drugs or alcohol alters the brain functions and the effects tend to linger even after ceasing to use the substance. It can have a gripping impact on the addict leaving him or her in a terrible state, with only sustained treatment being the sole remedy.

Detox treatment helps addicts in quitting and overcoming compulsive drug seeking tendency and bring about long-term sobriety. Treatment can occur in a variety of settings with different tenure and techniques. Drug addiction treatment could be medications, behavioral therapies and sometimes a combination of both. There are a variety of evidence-based programs to treat addiction and it depends a lot on the individual.

Let’s take a look at the factors that make an addiction treatment effective and long-term:

Treatment should be easily available

Early intervention is the key and addiction treatment should be easily accessible. If an addict is unable to find an appropriate detox treatment early on, chances are that the addiction will deteriorate requiring more complex treatment procedures in the future. Finding a reputable detox center in the vicinity is paramount. Whether it is the rapid detox centers or the conventional rehab facilities, seeking treatment at the earliest is most important.

A good treatment program is all-encompassing

In order to be effective, an addiction treatment approach cannot be lopsided. It has to address more than just the drug abuse. An effective addiction treatment program considers any associated medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal problems of the addict.

Completing the de-addiction treatment

“Remaining in treatment for an adequate period of time is critical,” according to the Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment (third edition), a research-based guide released by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). “Research indicates that most addicted individuals need at least 3 months in treatment to significantly reduce or stop their drug use and that the best outcomes occur with longer durations of treatment,” it says.

All-round support for the addict

The NIDA guideline says, “Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective. Sanctions or enticements from family, employment settings, and/or the criminal justice system can significantly increase treatment entry, retention rates, and the ultimate success of drug treatment interventions.” Encouraging the addict and bringing him or her to the treatment level is the first important step, the rest will definitely follow suit.

Treatment of dual diagnosis

Sometimes an addict might be suffering from a co-occurring mental condition as well. Treating only the addiction without intervening the mental condition would not yield the desired outcome. Most relapses are a resultant outcome of this negligence. “Because drug abuse and addiction – both of which are mental disorders – often co-occur with other mental illnesses, patients presenting with one condition should be assessed for the other(s),” according to the NIDA guideline.

Doctors’ discretion

It is the call of the doctors and treatment specialists to decide on the treatment procedure by studying individual profiles of the addicts. Whether it is behavioral therapy, including individual, family, and group counseling, or medication, the treating doctors are the best judge of the condition.

Medications are also an important element of drug treatment for many patients and are usually combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies. Some of the most commonly administered medicines include methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone.

Gay Drug Rehab and Gay Alcohol Rehab Programs in Texas

When a person thinks of the state of Texas, they think big everything. Unfortunately one thing they are not big on is inpatient addiction treatment for the GLBT population. In cites such as Dallas, San Antonio, Fort Worth, Austin, Houston or Abilene, there is a growing gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender population. As with any population growth comes a need for certain healthcare services, in this case, we are speaking of gay friendly addiction treatment or gay friendly drug rehab programs in Texas.

Can’t Gay Men and Lesbians Go to Existing Drug Rehab Programs in Texas?

The answer is yes they can. For gay men and women who are secure in their sexuality, sexual preference and the issues that surround them such as internalized homophobia, homophobia, coming out and others, then any drug rehab, alcohol rehab or addiction treatment program may suffice. Unfortunately, that is not usually the case. Most drug rehabs or alcohol rehab programs are not gay friendly, which means having the addiction treatment services and addiction treatment staff necessary to address the issues mentioned above. Without a gay friendly environment or gay friendly addiction treatment staff, the gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender will probably experience attitudes similar to that of discrimination, prejudice and feelings of being judged.

What Are the Advantages of a Gay Addiction Treatment Program in Texas?

In gay addiction treatment programs or gay drug rehabs, the environment is gay friendly. What that means is that the alcohol rehab or drug rehab will have an addiction treatment staff free of homophobia and judgmental attitudes. There will be addiction treatment services specific to the GLBT population, with a staff dedicated to the same. While the internal healing takes place, the GLBT population still participates in addiction treatment services with the rest of the drug rehab.

If you need help locating a gay friendly drug or alcohol rehab, call the national addiction treatment helpline at 1-800-511-9225 or go to www.gay-rehab.com. If you happen to have a psychiatric problem along with a drug addiction or alcohol addiction go to www.lakeviewhealth.com

Drug Abuse And The Nigeria Youth

Going by the historic formation of Nigeria political system in past and present policy frameworks, the government has deliberately refused giving the needed attention to youth affairs until recently when a directorate of youth affairs and social mobilization in Edo State was created, as part of incumbent agenda to attend to the necessary evils related to Youth Violence in the state. Due to the political antecedent, the problem of drugs and alcohols usage has endangered the youth, thereby giving a statistical draw-back towards the needed atmosphere for sustainable policy implementation.

Understanding what drugs is fundamental to their potential abuses, and it is also a move to create a record how drugs can led to increase in high level of crime and violence in the Niger Delta religion, and all other religious and sectarian prone zones in Nigeria.

Psychologically speaking, psychoactive substance is something that people take to change the way they feel, think or behave. Furthermore, some of these substances are called drugs, and others, like alcohols and tobacco are considered dangerous but are not called drugs. The term drugs also cover a number of substances, which must be used under medical supervision to treat illnesses.

The commissioner for the Ministry of Health in the past made several errors in their policy implementation, without considering the psychosocial and economic dilemmas to the state. Incidentally, in the past administration, more than 28.05% of the state budget went into the fight against crime, while 12% would have been used to avert the crime before it occurrence through sensitization workshops and publicity. Ironically, the same percentage at present can be channeled into a directorate empowered with the responsibility to orientate and educate the youths on the dangers of drugs abuse, in order to avert future recurrent issues relating to violence which has plagued the states and her youth force.

Consequently, with the right resources and manpower, the Oshiomole Administration through its creation of the Directorate of Youth Affairs and Social Mobilization (DYASM). This is a sign of the administration’s readiness to combat crime, and put the youths in the forefront of government policy implementation. One of the major areas in the framework of the new directorate is to study and conduct research on youth violence and other issues of Drug abuse.

For our purpose therefore, let me intimate us all of the State Government’s commitment to give hope to the youth of the state; and inculcate in them the spirit of peace, and the expression of their political franchise. Although with the power vested on the DYASM; the government can be rest assured that violence, especially cult related ones will be reduced to its bearest minimum.

The Directorate must be given its full mandate according to the law to exercise its judicial functions. And based on the clause of the law which brought the Directorate into being, it was created to secure serene governance through its enlightenment campaign, using the media houses at all levels. This will only but spice up numerous strategies for mobilization and orientation for youths.

A particular issue is of gray importance, and this is concerned with drug abuses, which has affected the youth, giving rise to unprecedented death toll of more than 13.2% for the last 9years of our nation’s democratic process. For our convenience let us treat drug abuse as those man-made or naturally occurring substances used without medical supervision basically to change the way a person feels, thinks or behaves so that they can enjoy the good things of life. In the past, most drugs were made from plants; that is, plants were grown and then converted into drugs such coca paste, opium and marijuana.

Over the years, the crude products were further processed to yield drugs like cocaine and heroin. And finally, in the 20th century people found out how to make drugs from chemicals. These are called man-made, or synthetic, drugs and include speed, ecstasy, LSD, etc. These were initially manufactured, largely for experimental reasons and only later were they used for recreational purposes. Now, however, with the increased size and scope of the drug trade, people set out to invent drugs especially for recreational human consumption.

This same recreational tendencies has blended into the genetic nature of human life and activities, it agreed with some theories, while to some it was hugely unstable causing series of side effects such as hallucination and psychotic episodes; ranging from neurosis to schizophrenia. It is in these episodes of varying propensity and intensity that the motivation to commit crime is centered, due to unprecedented offshoots of unconscious paranoia and anger synthesis; hence violence and motivated crimes were sometimes perpetuated and mastermind in a euphoric unconsciousness by the youth force.

Designed drug-cocktails appeared and disappeared with astonishing regularity, tentatively, for the first time in human history a whole industrial complex created and produced drugs that were meant to be used outside and in defiance of social conventions for the sole purpose of personal enjoyment. There are a whole lot of issues wrong with drug abuse. Although substance abuse has many negative physiological health effects, ranging from minor issues like digestion problems or respiratory infections, to potentially fatal diseases, like AIDS and hepatitis (American Psychological Association (APA) 2006, P.15) are eminent. Of course, the attendant effects depended on the drug and on the amount, method and frequency of use.

In retrospect, some drugs are very addictive, like heroin, while others are less so. But the up-shop is that regular drug abuse or sustained exposure to a drug-even for a short period of time-can cause physiological dependence, which means that when the person stop taking drugs, he/she experiences physical withdrawal symptoms and a craving for the drug. Medically, drug abuse also causes brain damage. Again depending on the drug, the strength and character of this damage varies. But one thing is clear; drug abuse affects the way the brain function, and alters its responses to the world.

Some things that acts on one’s brain and the general consciousness of any individual is called psychoactive, this explains how drugs affects individual behavior, actions, feelings and motivations are known to be unpredictable. By meddling in the natural ways the brain functions, abusers exposes themselves to risks they are not aware of. Finally; drug abuse damages the ability of people to act as free and conscious beings, capable of taking the right action and decision. Hence crime and violence becomes inevitable. Drug abusers are unable to fulfill their basic needs, while so many frustrated abusers resort to crime and violence as a means to quell their hyperactivity.

In the ideal sense of the word, in the past, drugs were not as strong and potent as they are now; even the so-called ‘Natural’ or soft drugs like marijuana or ‘skunk’ are many times more powerful than they were in the 1980’s. Therefore the agencies with the blueprint that know what the youths are going through in Edo state is DYASM. Frankly they are thousands of youths who are suffering from drug related cases, and by proxy they need help from Government policies circumventing around youth sustainable developments. The prior function of the youth affairs and social mobilization is to sensitize the youths on numerous opportunities available to them.


The YASM need to take action to help the youths in the state, through its sustainable initiative model in tackling issues that are scheduled to support their sustenance. The function of YASM is to identify those youths that working hard to make the state habitable, and reward them; while formulating policies through government assistance in bringing youths in the hinterland so that their voice would be heard, and assisted in whatever initiative brought by them to the government. And also orientate them on the ills of violence, drug abuse and other social vices. The directorate should encourage youth parliament within the state to participate in mass media to discus those projects that directly affects them. Through the directorate I am quite sure the state government will formulate policies that will empower the youths, granting them permission to created a report by making themselves useful, and in compliance and in agreement with government existing policies, and such reports should be the bases for further government policy forecast.

Dr. Carl-Collins Ogunshola Oshodi

PhD, Conflict Management

PhD, Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution

Msc. Clinical Psychology

Msc. Military Science

MA. Philosophy

Bsc. Applied Psychology

What Does Abuse Rehab Usually Do?

Abuse rehab terms the addiction towards any bad habit as it is spreading in a worldwide very repeatedly. Addiction may be anything like alcohol, smoking, drugs, pornography, snacks or it might be sweets too. This first comes with the intake of drugs in the belief of getting relief as it makes a person hollow from inside. Many times addicted persons are misunderstood and mistreated. This may results in pretending powerful thoughts of being bad to society which makes matter worst. But relief from this addiction is possible through these steps –

• Intake

• Detox

• Rehab

• Recovery

1. Intake

It is the process when a person feels alone or get frustrated and think of getting relief by doing such addiction. Initially a person might take it as a fun or taste for first time, but gradually it results in addiction later. Intake of this addiction transmits the human brain to have relief from the outer depression. This works on the policy of use and through, where it also harms the human body.

2. Detox

Detoxification is the first step towards sentencing abuse after stop taking intake. This is the process which makes your doped body to a pure without leaving any intake residue. Many times Doctors or therapist are also required for this purpose that can help in managing its withdrawal. Detox process also depends on

• The present metabolism of body

• The addiction done up to which extent

• And how many other addictions involved to that particular person

This detoxification is generally to the drugs, alcohols and smoking or else which shows some typical symptoms after its withdrawal, these are extreme depression, inability to sleep, muscle pain, stroke and sometimes heart attack also.

3. Rehab

Ones the Detox initiate then rehabilitation continues where the core reasons are addressed to those issues. This treatment includes Individual, Group and Family therapy which provides better companion. The therapy session discuss on the pain caused by their loved ones which forced them to addict. Many products are also available in the market which guarantees abuse rehab, but those are just advertising to elongate their business.

4. Recovery

For any individual recovery may be a lifelong process, requiring their attention and concentration towards work. Person sentencing abuse can now freely make fair decisions and friendly accepted to the society. According to many patients may also results to scheduled addiction depending to their sobriety or have regular therapy session. To an addicted person recovery could provide them a new born.